When villages began to produce extra food they were able to trade with other villages. Day-to-day living began to require more organization and cooperation among the villagers. Over time large numbers of people began to live in smaller areas, and many people were occupied with jobs that didn't relate to growing food. This "urban revolution" happened in the Near East between 4000-3000 B.C. These communities were no longer agricultural villages - they were cities.
|Click on these objects to learn about some of the people who lived in ancient Near Eastern cities.|
|Kingdoms & Empires:|
|As cities grew in power and importance, rivalries developed between them for military and economic control. Strong cities defeated weak ones and created kingdoms and empires. Many of the artifacts that have survived once decorated the large palaces and temples built by mighty rulers.|